Hair transplantation is a process of restoring hair in the areas where there is hair loss resulting from several causative conditions such as genetic, hormonal, drugs and accident. There should be enough hair in the donor area in order to be successful in hair transplantation. For hair transplantation, hair follicles in the nape of the neck are the best harvesting units which are resistant to hair shedding.
Hair transplantation is suitable for both men and women, although there are some differences. In men, under no circumstances, the hair on the nape of the head will not shed as it is completely insensitive to DHT (dihydrotestosterone) hormones. Therefore, as a more accurate application, hair follicles on the back of the head which is the most preferred area, should be transplanted in the bald area. Therefore, hair transplantation in men is more successful than women.
Nowadays, there is a booming demand for hair transplantation procedures. This demand may mislead the patients by inexperienced teams. Therefore, the patients should be properly informed and the procedure should be applied by experts who have experience in this area to avoid of unwanted situations. Hair transplantation is a risk-free and least painful aesthetic treatment. Under local anesthetic, multi-follicle grafts (two or more follicles) are safely taken from harvesting area without harming them via micro punches.
Numbers of grafts vary depending on the donor areas. It is estimated between 2500-4000, which correspond to 7500-12000 hair follicles. No thinning will be observed on the donor areas. Hair transplantation may be performed any time of the year and there is no specifically suggested season. Treatment in summertime is not an obstacle for enjoying the sea. Moreover, in summer, the transplanted hair follicles grow faster and skin regeneration is more rapid.
After the operation, the transplanted hair will not fall out for a lifetime; however, it should be kept in mind that there may be hair shedding after a hair transplant sometimes due to hereditary reasons. 8-10 days following the hair transplantation procedure, there will be a thin layer of scabs in the donor area. The crusting on the donor area will fall off like dandruff but completely disappear by washing within 10 days. The patients may continue their daily life, however they must wear a hat.
Hair transplantation consists of a variety of techniques for improving the hair density or for covering the bald areas with the patient’s own hair.
Hair transplantation techniques
Hair transplantation is usually performed using two techniques: FUT (Follicular Unit Transfer) and FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction). FUT is the first developed technique. Nowadays, FUE is more preferred than FUT technique due to many advantages, such as shorter processing time, faster recovery and no left marks or scars on both the donor and the harvested areas after transplantation. If the bald spots are not much or there are spots on the temporal sides of the head, FUE should be preferred. Lately, a robotic hair transplant technology based on computerized program is being developed as a new technique in this area, diminishing the number of technical staffs participating in hair transplant procedures.